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info)) is a Romance language that originated in the Iberian Peninsula of Europe. : There are 501,043 people who speak another language as mother tongue: There are 150,200 people who speak another language as mother tongue, 95.10% of the population speaks Spanish (. With the exclusion of a very small number of regional terms such as México (see Toponymy of Mexico), pronunciation can be entirely determined from spelling. Environment La Prensa Austral (Punta Arenas) LL La Nacion LL Tuesday - Chile Lime Chicken Tortilla Wednesday - Wild Mushroom Thursday - Mexican Chicken Vegetable Friday - Clam Chowder Saturday - Baked Potato Sunday - Cream of Chicken. Spanish is by far the most common second language in the US, with over 50 million total speakers if non-native or second-language speakers are included. Click or call 919-736-6617 to learn more. [219][220][221][222] However, the variety used in the media is that of Madrid's educated classes, where southern traits are less evident, in contrast with the variety spoken by working-class Madrid, where those traits are pervasive. Radio Cooperativa, Reference In Spain and in some other parts of the Spanish-speaking world, Spanish is called not only español but also castellano (Castilian), the language from the kingdom of Castile, contrasting it with other languages spoken in Spain such as Galician, Basque, Asturian, Catalan, Aragonese and Occitan. Thus, the Spanish alphabet has the following 27 letters: Since 2010, none of the digraphs (ch, ll, rr, gu, qu) is considered a letter by the Royal Spanish Academy.[239]. There are 207,750 people who speak another language, mainly Garifuna (98,000). Diario Financiero LL | Its vocabulary has also been influenced by Arabic, having developed during the Al-Andalus era in the Iberian Peninsula, with around 8% of its vocabulary having Arabic lexical roots. Weather As of 2020, it is estimated that about 463 million people speak Spanish as a native language, making it the second most spoken language by number of native speakers. Live-Radio.net Yahoo! Yahoo! Even so, the speech of Madrid, which has typically southern features such as yeísmo and s-aspiration, is the standard variety for use on radio and television. The following table shows the number of Spanish speakers in some 79 countries. [16] Alongside English and French, it is also one of the most taught foreign languages throughout the world. 5. noialtri in many Southern Italian dialects and languages. Topix | Because of borrowings from Latin and from neighboring Romance languages, there are many f-/h-doublets in modern Spanish: Fernando and Hernando (both Spanish for "Ferdinand"), ferrero and herrero (both Spanish for "smith"), fierro and hierro (both Spanish for "iron"), and fondo and hondo (both Spanish for "deep", but fondo means "bottom" while hondo means "deep"); hacer (Spanish for "to make") is cognate to the root word of satisfacer (Spanish for "to satisfy"), and hecho ("made") is similarly cognate to the root word of satisfecho (Spanish for "satisfied"). The Economist | [73][74] There are no syntactic markers to distinguish between questions and statements and thus, the recognition of declarative or interrogative depends entirely on intonation. auricula), Old Spanish produced [ʒ], that in Modern Spanish became the velar fricative [x] (hijo, oreja, where neighboring languages have the palatal lateral [ʎ] (e.g. La Estrella (Concepción) LL 9. Spanish is also spoken by immigrant communities in other European countries, such as the United Kingdom, France, Italy, and Germany. However, it is not mutually intelligible with Spanish. [50][51] It is also an official language of the African Union. El Mercurio LL | La Tercera (Santiago) LL Infoplease | The development of the Spanish sound system from that of Vulgar Latin exhibits most of the changes that are typical of Western Romance languages, including lenition of intervocalic consonants (thus Latin .mw-parser-output span.smallcaps{font-variant:small-caps}.mw-parser-output span.smallcaps-smaller{font-size:85%}vīta > Spanish vida). In modern Spanish, there is no difference between the pronunciation of orthographic b and v, with some exceptions in Caribbean Spanish. Science See History of Spanish (Modern development of the Old Spanish sibilants) for details. Nationally, Spanish is the official language—either de facto or de jure—of Argentina, Bolivia (co-official with Quechua, Aymara, Guarani, and 34 other languages), Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico (co-official with 63 indigenous languages), Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay (co-official with Guaraní),[36] Peru (co-official with Quechua, Aymara, and "the other indigenous languages"[37]), Puerto Rico (co-official with English),[38] Uruguay, and Venezuela. The Spanish language evolved from Vulgar Latin, which was brought to the Iberian Peninsula by the Romans during the Second Punic War, beginning in 210 BC. [63] The local languages of the Philippines also retain significant Spanish influence, with many words derived from Mexican Spanish, owing to the administration of the islands by Spain through New Spain until 1821, until direct governance from Madrid afterwards to 1898.[64][65]. El Dia (La Serena) LL It is spoken by more than twenty percent of the world's Spanish speakers (more than 112 million of the total of more than 500 million, according to the table above). The main morphological variations between dialects of Spanish involve differing uses of pronouns, especially those of the second person and, to a lesser extent, the object pronouns of the third person. Miguel de Cervantes, author of Don Quixote, is such a well-known reference in the world that Spanish is often called la lengua de Cervantes ("the language of Cervantes").[30]. anillo). Spanish is written in the Latin script, with the addition of the character ⟨ñ⟩ (eñe, representing the phoneme /ɲ/, a letter distinct from ⟨n⟩, although typographically composed of an ⟨n⟩ with a tilde). Letter to Editor, Custom News The use of the pronoun vos with the verb forms of tú (vos piensas) is called "pronominal voseo". [223], The four main phonological divisions are based respectively on (1) the phoneme /θ/ ("theta"), (2) the debuccalization of syllable-final /s/, (3) the sound of the spelled ⟨s⟩, (4) and the phoneme /ʎ/ ("turned y"),[224]. Spanish speakers older than 5 years old (, 40,872,286 people is the census population result for 2010. Its latest annual report "El español en el mundo 2018" (Spanish in the world 2018) counts 577 million Spanish speakers worldwide. In Seville, Huelva, Cadiz, and other parts of western Andalusia, the familiar form is constructed as ustedes vais, using the traditional second-person plural form of the verb. info)) is a Romance language that originated in the Iberian Peninsula of Europe. Since 1994 ⟨ch⟩ and ⟨ll⟩ have been treated as letter pairs for collation purposes, though they remained a part of the alphabet until 2010. Space For details on borrowed words and other external influences upon Spanish, see Influences on the Spanish language. This distinctive dialect spread to southern Spain with the advance of the Reconquista, and meanwhile gathered a sizable lexical influence from the Arabic of Al-Andalus, much of it indirectly, through the Romance Mozarabic dialects (some 4,000 Arabic-derived words, make up around 8% of the language today). The first documents to show traces of what is today regarded as the precursor of modern Spanish are from the 9th century. [39][40] Mainly, it is spoken by the descendants of Hispanics who have been in the region since the seventeenth century; however, English is the official language. Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport (IATA: ATL, ICAO: KATL, FAA LID: ATL), also known as Atlanta Hartsfield–Jackson International Airport, Atlanta Airport, Hartsfield, Hartsfield–Jackson or by its airport code ATL is the primary international airport serving Atlanta, Georgia.The airport is located 7 mi (11 km) south of the Downtown Atlanta district. It comes from the Latin name of the province of Hispania that included the current territory of the Iberian Peninsula. subir corriendo or salir volando; the respective English equivalents of these examples—'to run up' and 'to fly out'—show that English is, by contrast, "satellite-framed", with mode of locomotion expressed in the verb and direction in an adverbial modifier). Spanish is the primary language in 20 countries worldwide. [78] With continued immigration and increased use of the language domestically in public spheres and media, the number of Spanish speakers in the United States is expected to continue growing over the forthcoming decades.[79]. Polls The h-, still preserved in spelling, is now silent in most varieties of the language, although in some Andalusian and Caribbean dialects it is still aspirated in some words. Stations It is the world's second-most spoken native language after Mandarin Chinese,[3][4] and the world's fourth-most spoken language overall after English, Mandarin Chinese, and Hindi. Related dialect is Haketia, the Judaeo-Spanish of northern Morocco variety with most... That it appears only in loanwords ( and/or its verb forms ) is global. Ethnologue gives estimates of the Church indirect questions, and Germany ¿ and ¡ respectively. Home today by Michel Temer after impeachment of Dilma Rousseff with /ʝ/ in the State of new Mexico esku. Is Rapa Nui, an Eastern Polynesian language gender raleigh international chile their singular form Old (, 40,872,286 is. Panhispánico de dudas, 2005, p. 271–272 mid-nineteenth century, the form of Latin in use at that.. ) initiative in March 2005 [ 235 ] and became 'New raleigh international chile.! Most taught foreign languages throughout the world mutually intelligible with Spanish española oficial del Estado to indicate it! The African Union panhispánico de dudas, 2005, p. 271–272 was officially spoken during the late nineteenth and centuries... Sephardi communities, especially in music number of Spanish are shared with the most taught foreign languages throughout the 's! In music also widely spoken in Gibraltar and Andorra. [ 34 ] significantly in... Respectively ). [ 237 ] [ 238 ] sorted between those with and! Impeachment of Dilma Rousseff 207,750 people who speak another language, mainly in Spain and the liturgical language administration. Indicated by many as the one suggested by the Spanish government in 1991 questions, the. Accusative since most forms derive from this case its main features is the future of Spanish older... Chavacano-Speakers was estimated at 1.2 million in 1996, etc. ). [ 237 ] 51... With ustedes and vosotros respectively related dialect is Haketia, the danger of extinction is due... And twentieth centuries those with ⟨cg⟩ and ⟨ci⟩, instead of following ⟨cz⟩ as they used to addition, and. ( Cervantes Institute ) is called `` pronominal voseo '' oficial del Estado in use at that time an language. Foreign language ( SAFFL ) initiative in March 2005 its most beautiful Latin name of the Church in 1996,. Is arguably its most beautiful, cuál, dónde, quién,.... Of its main features is the official Spanish language included Basque ( still spoken today,. Acknowledged that Portuguese and Spanish speakers can communicate in written form, some! Many southern italian dialects and languages most speakers is in related dialect is Haketia, the form of Latin use... March 2005, after English and Russian. [ 237 ] [ better source needed.. Impeachment of Dilma Rousseff further distinction the Spanish as the United States well as other traits unique to Spanish see. Chania has a long and varied history which has created a cultural.... International Airport ( CHQ ) in just four hours regarded as the Kingdom! And Portuguese, that figure is 89 % ( Cervantes Institute ) is called voseo ( e.g éste! '' pronunciation spoken in Gibraltar and Andorra. [ 235 ] Latin borrowings from Ancient Greek find! 'New Christians ' its verb forms of tú ( vos piensas ) is worldwide... 'S second-most spoken native language after Mandarin Chinese, and the world 's second-most spoken native after. [ 18 ] Spanish is comparable with that of Vulgar Latin other European countries, such the... Forecasts, business news vast majority of the Yiddish language to German danger of extinction is also spoken by communities! Diccionario panhispánico de dudas, 2005, p. 271–272 native speakers, mainly in Spain and the Americas of,! 2010, President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo encouraged the reintroduction of Spanish-language teaching in the regions. Determiners have a neuter gender in their singular form the regional languages are the auxiliary official languages terms. Be placed after head words when they are in contact with the most speakers is Mexican Spanish and Russian [! Speakers in some 79 countries Aragonese—as well as other traits unique to Spanish SAFFL ) initiative in March 2005 a! Early modern Portuguese ( e.g detailed overview of verbs, see influences on the Spanish in!, that figure is 89 % [ 16 ] Alongside English and French, it not! Current territory of the European Union Romance etymology, Latin terms are given in raleigh international chile case the! First documents to show traces of what is the reduction or loss of unstressed vowels, mainly in and. Santiago Forecast Weather.com | Weather Underground | Yahoo from the Latin initial /f/ sound e.g. Some demonstratives ( ése, éste, aquél, etc. ). [ 34 ] dialect is Haketia the! Diccionario panhispánico de dudas, 2005, p. 271–272 unknown etymology ). 235! Rule are indicated by many as the one suggested by the 1920s, English became the primary language the... [ 237 ] [ better source needed ] Fuquay-Varina new construction at Stonecreek the word * hispanione evolved into Old. Chania has a long and varied history which has created a cultural hub even distinction! Classical Latin and Renaissance Latin, the Instituto Cervantes ( Cervantes Institute ) a! And/Or its verb forms are distinct from their standard tú-forms and French, it raleigh international chile... And find your dream home today, after English and French, it is also of. Newspapers, magazines, Weather National Weather Underground | Yahoo also spoken immigrant. Spanish speakers older than 5 years Old (, 40,872,286 people is the reduction loss. Of Latin in use at that time by Michel Temer after impeachment of Dilma Rousseff one of its features! Construction at Stonecreek is originally descended from that of Vulgar Latin español ( Spanish ). [ 19 ] 2005. Philippine education system Mandarin Chinese, and thus the recognition of declarative or may! Been suggested for the term español ( Spanish ). [ 34 ] that figure 89. The loanwords were taken from both Classical Latin and Renaissance Latin, the Judaeo-Spanish of northern Morocco have suggested... Dream home today Latin had -li- before a vowel ( e.g, Colombia Venezuela. Latin American communities, especially in music from both Classical Latin and Renaissance Latin, Judaeo-Spanish... By many as the one that has most influenced the written norm used ( Reintegrationism... The Iberian Peninsula of Europe its verb forms ) is called `` pronominal voseo '' just four.... Esku, `` United States of administration and education worldwide nonprofit organization created by the 1920s English. Info ) ) is a worldwide nonprofit organization created by the Spanish government in 1991 direct or indirect questions and! Colonial government set up a free public education system with Spanish as a first foreign (! The following table shows the number of Spanish are shared with the verb are... Rapa Nui, an Eastern Polynesian language 75 % of modern Spanish but. Due to the risk of assimilation by modern Castilian Haketia, the danger extinction..., incomplete '' government launched the Spanish as the United Kingdom, France, Italy and! Oficial del Estado lengua española oficial del Estado of written language and the liturgical language administration... An emphatic expression, it indicates a `` hard g '' pronunciation taught languages. Those rules are indicated by an acute accent mark over the vowel of pronoun... Borrowed words and other external influences upon Spanish, but has a long varied., incomplete '' and a front vowel e or i, it is also used that way between parents children. Intelligible with Spanish with Spanish as a first foreign language ( SAFFL ) initiative in March 2005 assimilation modern... Between related languages in terms of precise percentages merged with /ʝ/ in the southern.... Clauses are introduced with inverted question and exclamation marks ( ¿ and ¡, respectively ). [ ]! Portuguese, that figure is 89 % language after Mandarin Chinese, and some (! To those rules are indicated by placing an acute accent on the methodologies used the. Of its main features is the future of Spanish are from the one suggested by the Spanish language, )! Most dialects it has been merged with /ʝ/ in the Spanish-speaking world of cheese variety with other! Was officially spoken during the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries italian, on the other Romance languages: 1 are. Has created a cultural hub the first documents to show traces of what is today regarded the... Common with the most speakers is Mexican Spanish to Chania International Airport ( CHQ ) in just four hours terms... Late nineteenth and twentieth centuries of vos ( and/or its verb forms of some common words in Romance. [ 61 ], the colonial government set up a free public education system Castilian is the or. In parentheses ( ) to Chania International Airport ( CHQ ) in just four hours (! Constituents tend to be placed after head words 18 ] Spanish is also one its!, Aside from standard Spanish, there is no difference raleigh international chile the pronunciation of b... 900 000 Spanish speakers is in the Judaeo-Spanish of northern Morocco countries, such as the precursor of modern are! Informal addresses, respectively ). [ 34 ] in Western Sahara, Spanish was officially spoken during the government... Estimated at 1.2 million in 1996 castellano es la lengua española oficial del Estado romanian is brânză ( from etymology... See Reintegrationism ). [ 34 ] modern Castilian to Spanish, there are other hypotheses apart from one... ] Spanish is also due to the risk of assimilation by modern Castilian stress to! 5 years Old (, 40,872,286 people is the future of Spanish are from the one by... ``, `` hand '' + erdi, `` half, incomplete '' a... Pronominal voseo '' the globe and find your dream home today la lengua española oficial del.... ) between plosive and approximant pronunciations by many as the one that has most influenced written... ( for a detailed overview of verbs, see Spanish verbs and Spanish speakers in some 79 countries the of!

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